Baviero de’Carrocci, known as Il Baviera, the dynamic and trusted manager of RAFFAELLO’s workshop, needed money in the disastrous year 1527 of the ‘Sack of Rome’ and published a new series of dazzling erotic engravings, inspired from his stock of drawings and designs … with guaranteed commercial success among the soldiery (1 p.223).
The workshop had created earlier a series of sixteen very innovative naturalistic depictions of male and female bodies in intercourse positions, known as ‘I Modi’ (‘The Positions’), but the originals had been destroyed and its engravings seized in 1524 or 1525. To avoid censorship and ruin once more, this time each image got a clear mythological connotation with an associated title and text. The new series was now called ‘Amori degli Dei’ (Loves of the Gods) and engraved by Jacopo CARAGLIO. The success was extensive and the whole series or separate images were copied repeatedly and adapted or imitated with long textual descriptions. The images were also inspiration for frescoes, paintings, tapestries, ceramics (majolica), etc.